Horse Racing Throughout the History

Man has been known to use race horses for racing since this specie was first domesticated. Historical evidences uncover that as early as 4500 BC, the nomadic individuals of Central Asia has developed systems of horse racing. In fact, the Greeks tend to be known to have incorporated horse racing in the Olympics since 638 BC.

Both the chariot horse racing and the mounted horse racing were popular during these ages. These later on grew to become an obsession among Romans when they have adopted the activity.

For thousand of years that followed, this kind of sports was considered to be performed only for the noble men as well as royalties.

Modern racing is believed to have started in the 12th century when the first breeding between Arabian as well as English horses were made. These were sparred by the return of the noble knights in combat to the mother land after the Crusades. These are known to possess produced sturdy horses with excellent pace. Thus, breeders maximized the potentiality of a racehorse as well as put all of them into tracks. This particular breed is the Thoroughbred that we know of these days which is still the most popular breed in the United Kingdom.

King Charles II was known to have held horse races in his private courses during 1660 in order to 1685.

By the 16th century, the English had been known to produce a quantity of racecourses. Queen Anne that started the Ascot in 1711 is known to have made horse racing an official sport.

Halfway in 1700�s, the Jockey Club was created through the initiation of the elite figures involved in horse racing. This particular organization was the very first legion of jockeys which established the comprehensive rules and regulations including the standards as covered by the actual sports activities. Thus, they grew to become the overseers of the sports and sanctioned horse racing occasions.

The Jockey Club was also the actual initiator for the legislation of breeding among horses. Thus, James Weatherby, an accountant of the Jockey Club during those times, traced back the family lines of all racing breeds in England. His researches brought forth the book of the General Stud Book, which was essentially, the basis of authority when it comes to the breeds that could be put to competition. Based on the General Stud Book, only those pedigrees which have descended from the line of the “foundations sires” are thought as Thoroughbreds. The building blocks sires are the: Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian and Godolphin Arabian.

Only in 17th century did the sport arrive in America for which the very first racetrack was seen in the Long Island. While it has turned into a favorite past time among Americans, no one initiated the formalization of horse racing until after the Civil War. Because of the already-established obsession plus the industrial development, and widespread gambling on horse races, the sport grew largely by the year 1890 when 314 operating tracks are considered to be on regular operation in the country.

Due to the lack of a governing body, this sport had become purely dominated by criminal elements. In 1894 though, the most notable and high-ranking stable owners met as well as organized the American Jockey Club which was patterned on the system as used by the Jockey Club in England.

Nowadays the sport has reached various countries around the world. Governing bodies were also formed to regulate the horse racing events.